burn the candle at both the ends

burn the candle at both the ends


  • exhaust someone’s energies or resources by leading a hectic life
  • to engage in an activity, usually work related, from early morning until late at night
  • to work so hard that you don’t rest
  • to spend all of your energy on two pursuits at the same time

Example Sentences

  1. Since starting my new job I have been burning the candle at both ends.
  2. Working and studying at the same time has led to me having to burn the candle at both ends.
  3. She has been burning the candle at both ends by doing a full-time job and preparing for her International English Language Test exams.
  4. My younger daughter is obsessed with becoming a painter, that is why she is burning the candle at both ends nowadays.
  5. To finish this massive work, we must have to burn the candle at both ends.


The idiom was translated from French in 1611. It can be found in Randal Cotgrave’s dictionary. Initially the idiom meant that one was dissipating one’s wealth. Meaning that you were causing your money to disappear. This is because candles were expensive and burning them cost money. If you were burning the candle at both ends you were being wasteful. You would also have to hold the candle horizontally, leading to the wax dripping off and being wasted.

The idiom has since taken on a different meaning. Both ends refer to the end and beginning of the day. If you have to light a candle then we assume it is dark outside. Thus, if you burn it in the morning you are up before the sun and if you burn it at night it is already dark when you finish.

The poet Edna St. Vincent Millay used the image in her poem “Figs from Thistles: First Fig” published in 1918.

“My candle burns at both ends; It will not last the night; But ah, my foes, and oh, my friends – It gives a lovely light.”

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B 2 Thoughts

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“Burn the candle at both ends and you get twice the light for half as long” – Joe Walsh

- Randy Wetch December 20, 2020

Where did this expression originate?

- Steven McGlinn January 12, 2017

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Idiom of the Day

put your foot in it

Meaning: say something (by mistake) that upsets, humiliates, or embarrasses someone

Example: Carla put her foot right in it when she congratulated her neighbour on being pregnant. It turns out she's not expecting but had just put on weight. Read on


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